Taksonomska hijerarhija
Root -> regnum Animalia -> phylum Arthropoda -> classis Insecta -> ordo Coleoptera

Takson

Taksonomska kategorija

familia

Latinski naziv

Dytiscidae

Srpski naziv

gnjurci


Opis taksona

Pripadnici ove porodice su, iako dišu atmosferski vazduh, na svim razvojim stupnjevima vezani su za vodu. Odrasli insekti imaju čitav niz prilagođenja za život u vodi. Zadnje noge su izdužene i proširene, često pokrivene dugim dlakama ili gustim čekinjama, što olakšava kretanje kroz vodu. Povremeno izlaze na površinu vode i spremaju rezerve vazduha ispod pokrilaca. Veličina im varira od 2mm pa čak do 5 cm. Skori svi predstavnici ove porodice vode grabljivi način života ili se hrane uginulim ostacima životinja u vodi. Porodica je vrlo bogata vrsta, preko 3000 vrsta je dosada opisano sa svih kontinenata osim Antarktika od kojih se u Srbiji se može očekivati prisustvo 200-njak vrsta.
Autor: Gabor Mesaroš



Taksoni niže u hijerarhiji
-> Acilius canaliculatus (Nicolai 1822) -> Acilius sulcatus (Linnaeus, 1758) -> Agabus biguttatus (Olivier, 1795) -> Agabus bipustulatus (Linnaeus, 1767) -> Agabus conspersus (Marsham, 1802) -> Agabus didymus (Olivier, 1795) -> Agabus guttatus (Paykull, 1798) -> Agabus labiatus (Brahm, 1791) -> Agabus melanarius Aube, 1837 -> Agabus nebulosus (Forster, 1771) -> Agabus paludosus (Fabricius, 1801) -> Agabus uliginosus (Linnaeus, 1761) -> Agabus undulatus (Schrank 1776) -> Bidessus delicatulus (Schaum, 1844) -> Bidessus exornatus (Reiche & Saulcy, 1855) -> Bidessus muelleri Zimmermann, 1927 -> Bidessus nasutus Sharp 1887 -> Bidessus unistriatus (Goeze, 1777) -> Colymbetes fuscus (Linnaeus, 1758) -> Copelatus haemorrhoidalis (Fabricius, 1787) -> Cybister lateralimarginalis (De Geer, 1774) (gnjurac) -> Deronectes latus (Stephens, 1829) -> Deronectes moestus (Fairmaire, 1858) -> Deronectes parvicollis (Schaum, 1864) -> Deronectes platynotus (Germar, 1834) -> Dytiscus circumcinctus Ahrens 1811 -> Dytiscus circumflexus Fabricius, 1801 -> Dytiscus dimidiatus Bergstrasser, 1778 -> Dytiscus marginalis Linnaeus, 1758 -> Eretes griseus (Fabricius, 1781) -> Eretes sticticus (Linnaeus, 1767) -> Graphoderus austriacus (Sturm, 1834) -> Graphoderus bilineatus (De Geer, 1774) -> Graphoderus cinereus (Linnaeus, 1758) -> Graphoderus zonatus (Hoppe, 1795) -> Graptodytes bilineatus (Sturm, 1835) -> Graptodytes flavipes (Olivier, 1795) -> Graptodytes granularis (Linnaeus 1767) -> Graptodytes pictus (Fabricius, 1787) -> Graptodytes varius (Aube, 1838) -> Graptodytes veterator (Zimmermann, 1918) -> Hydaticus grammicus (Germar, 1830) -> Hydaticus leander (Rossi, 1790) -> Hydaticus seminiger (De Geer, 1774) -> Hydaticus transversalis (Pontoppidan, 1763) -> Hydroglyphus geminus (Fabricius, 1792) -> Hydroglyphus signatellus (Klug, 1834) -> Hydroporus angustatus Sturm 1835 -> Hydroporus discretus Fairmaire & Brisout, 1859 -> Hydroporus ferrugineus Stephens, 1829 -> Hydroporus fuscipennis Schaum 1868 -> Hydroporus hebaueri Hendrich, 1990 -> Hydroporus jonicus L. Miller 1862 -> Hydroporus marginatus (Duftschmid 1805) -> Hydroporus melanarius Sturm, 1835 -> Hydroporus palustris (Linnaeus, 1761) -> Hydroporus planus (Fabricius, 1781) -> Hydroporus pubescens (Gyllenhal, 1808) -> Hydroporus striola (Gyllenhal 1826) -> Hydroporus tessellatus (Drapiez, 1819) -> Hydroporus tristis (Paykull 1798) -> Hydroporus zimmermanni G. Muller, 1926 -> Hydrovatus clypealis Sharp, 1876 -> Hydrovatus cuspidatus Kunze, 1818 -> Hygrotus confluens (Fabricius, 1787) -> Hygrotus decoratus (Gyllenhal 1810) -> Hygrotus impressopunctatus (Schaller, 1783) -> Hygrotus inaequalis (Fabricius, 1776) -> Hygrotus parallellogrammus (Ahrens, 1812) -> Hygrotus versicolor (Schaller, 1783) -> Hyphydrus anatolicus Guignot 1957 -> Hyphydrus aubei Ganglbauer, 1892 -> Hyphydrus ovatus (Linnaeus, 1761) -> Ilybius ater (De Geer 1774) -> Ilybius chalconatus (Panzer, 1797) -> Ilybius fenestratus (Fabricius, 1781) -> Ilybius fuliginosus (Fabricius, 1792) -> Ilybius pseudoneglectus (Franciscolo, 1972) -> Ilybius quadriguttatus (Lacordaire, 1835) -> Ilybius subaeneus Erichson 1837 -> Laccophilus hyalinus (De Geer, 1774) -> Laccophilus minutus (Linnaeus, 1758) -> Laccophilus poecilus Klug, 1834 -> Nebrioporus assimilis (Paykull, 1798) -> Nebrioporus luctuosus (Aube, 1838) -> Nebrioporus suavis (Sharp, 1882) -> Oreodytes sanmarkii (C. R. Sahlberg, 1826) -> Platambus maculatus (Linnaeus, 1758) -> Porhydrus lineatus (Fabricius, 1775) -> Porhydrus obliquesignatus (Bielz, 1852) -> Rhantus bistriatus (Bergstrasser 1778) -> Rhantus consputus (Sturm 1834) -> Rhantus exsoletus (Forster, 1771) -> Rhantus frontalis (Marsham, 1802) -> Rhantus grapii (Gyllenhal, 1808) -> Rhantus latitans Sharp 1882 -> Rhantus suturalis (MacLeay, 1825) -> Rhantus suturellus (Harris, 1828) -> Scarodytes halensis (Fabricius, 1787) -> Scarodytes savinensis (Zimmermann, 1933) -> Stictotarsus griseostriatus (De Geer, 1774) -> Stictotarsus macedonicus (Gueorguiev 1959) -> Suphrodytes dorsalis (Fabricius, 1787)